Of course, converting to a long-energy, cold-weather diet is only the foundation of keeping warm. Next comes clothing.

Dress in layers. Two lighter garments that trap air between them hold in more warmth than a single thick one. The two garments also have another advantage: When you get too warm, you can take one of them off.

Start the layering with long underwear. The new polypropylene fabrics are excellent, wicking moisture away from the body yet holding in the heat.

Warning: Cheap “winter” underwear made of cotton is an absolute no-no, no matter how fancy the weave. And wool both is uncomfortable and doesn’t release body moisture as well as polypro fabrics do.

On particularly icy days, some skiers wear light silk underwear next to the skin and the long johns on top of them.

Slip on only top-quality ski socks. These may be made from anything from wool to polypro fabrics, though I recommend the latter. They should
be moderately snug, but never, never tight. Tight socks restrict the flow of blood to the feet, thus compounding the problem of frozen tootsies inside heavy ski boots. If you have a problem with sweaty feet, it may help keep them dry to rub them with an antiperspirant before putting on your socks in the morning.

Many skiers forget that the inner ski-boot lining may become damp. Every night place your boots in a warm place to facilitate drying, or - if snow got inside the boot - loosen or remove the liner and let it dry out.

It helps feet keep warm if tight boots are popped loose on the ride to the summit.

Hint: On a particularly cold day, when you head into the base lodge slip into a bathroom that has an electric hand and face drier. Remote your frozen boots and heat them under the drier.

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